Stigma causes people not to be connected to others or their community.
Stigma causes people not to seek healthcare.
Stigma also causes people NOT to be a part of society and causes a negative effect on the economy.
TYPES OF STIGMA
From my research in healthcare stigma (mental health, HIV/AIDS, and
gender care), the following stigmas were confirmed:
- Experienced stigma: People experience stigma from mistreatment by others.
- Perceived stigma: People perceive they will be stigmatized by others.
- Anticipated stigma: People anticipate stigma due to previous stigmatizing experiences and mistreatment.
AREAS OF STIGMA
The biggest groups stigmatized according to Dr. Goffman:
- people of different backgrounds (religious, ethnic, sexual orientation);
- people experiencing mental health distress;
- people with a physical deformation.
Stigma is also made up of external and internal stigma;
- EXTERNAL would be how people are treated or situations which are stigmatizing
- INTERNAL would be feelings of people experiencing the stigma (internal is often in the form of anticipated due to past experienced stigma).