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STIGM▲: the definition

disconnects you. isolates you.

by Bryson Kelpe
published: poniedziałek, 08 Mar 2021
Stigma is being markedly different from the rest of society and being treated as 'other' or different by society.


  • Stigma causes people not to be connected to others or their community.

  • Stigma causes people not to seek healthcare.

  • Stigma also causes people NOT to be a part of society and causes a negative effect on the economy.


From my research in healthcare stigma (mental health, HIV/AIDS, and
gender care), the following stigmas were confirmed:

  1. Experienced stigma: People experience stigma from mistreatment by others.
  2. Perceived stigma: People perceive they will be stigmatized by others.
  3. Anticipated stigma: People anticipate stigma due to previous stigmatizing experiences and mistreatment.


The biggest groups stigmatized according to Dr. Goffman:

  1. people of different backgrounds (religious, ethnic, sexual orientation);
  2. people experiencing mental health distress;
  3. people with a physical deformation.


Stigma is also made up of external and internal stigma;

  1. EXTERNAL would be how people are treated or situations which are stigmatizing
  2. INTERNAL would be feelings of people experiencing the stigma (internal is often in the form of anticipated due to past experienced stigma).

PHOBI▲: the definition

Hostility and discrimination against LGBTQ individuals are the result of what is often called “homophobia” or “transphobia” and the effects of these negative attitudes are evidenced by acts of violence and even murder against members of the LGBTQ community.